Platelet Rich Protein Use in Bone Grafting
How Platlet Rich Proteins are Used in Bone Grafting
What is Hemo-Cellular Engineering?
The human body has an amazing ability to heal itself from injury. The key to the wonderful healing ability of your body is in your blood. Whenever there is an injury to the body, if there is no blood flow to the injured tissues, those tissues will die. When blood can flow to the area that is injured, it brings with it oxygen, clotting factors, nutrients and molecular enhancers that allow your tissues to heal faster, with less inflammation, less pain and with less complications.
One special molecular enhancer that is in your blood is a substance called Platelet Rich Protein, or PRP. It is one of the major components in your blood that allows the body to heal itself after injury.
In 1987, scientific researchers in Italy discovered a way to isolate PRP from a patient’s blood and use it during surgical procedures to speed that patient’s post-surgical healing.
While the use of Centrifuges to spin a patient’s blood into its component parts, thus isolating the PRP, is fairly common in Orthopedic Surgery (knee replacement, hip replacement, back surgeries, etc.), its use in Dentistry is fairly new.
Marina Del Rey Dentist, Scott L. Tamura DMD, LVIF, is one of the few dentists who has received specialized Post-Doctoral training in the use of Centrifuges to spin blood to isolate PRP for use in Bone Grafting procedures on his patients. He has found that the use of PRP reduces post-surgical inflammation, helps to prevent infection of surgical sites, reduces pain after an extraction or bone graft and significantly speeds healing time.
What are Stem Cells and why are they important in Hemo-Cellular Engineering?
Stem Cells are very special cells that are found in almost every tissue in the body. They are important because they have the unique ability to transform themselves into any other type of cell, depending on the needs of the body. They are called Pluri-Potent Cells, Pluri meaning “many” and Potent meaning “potential”, which means they have the potential to turn into many types of cells. They are also called Morpho-Genic Cells, Morpho meaning “shape” and Genic meaning “create”, which means from one Stem Cell, different types (shapes) of cells can be created.
The transformation of a Stem Cell into a specific type of cell is initiated though a Cellular Mediator called a GROWTH FACTOR. When a patient’s blood is spun in a Centrifuge, the blood will separate into 3 layers. A Plasma layer, a PRP layer and a Platelet layer. The Growth Factors in the blood will isolate themselves in the Platelet Rich Protein layer we call PRP.
When PRP is mixed with bone grafting material and placed into an extraction site, the Growth Factors in the PRP will cause the bodies Stem Cells, in and around the extraction site, to change into Bone Growing Cells called “Osteoblasts”. This greatly facilitates your body’s ability to build new bone where a tooth has been extracted.
When are Platelet Rich Proteins Used?
Dr. Tamura generally uses PRP in surgical procedures like Extractions, Bone Grafting, Sinus Lifts, Periodontal (Gum) Surgery and in the placement of Dental Implants. The scientifically proven positive effects of this procedure include better and faster soft tissue (gums) and hard tissue (bone) healing and regeneration.
To schedule a consultation with Dr. Tamura to see if you could benefit from Hemo-Cellular Engineering click HERE.
Is Bone Grafting with PRP Painful?
The short answer is not any more painful than having a small amount of your blood drawn. The long answer is that Dr. Tamura has a mobile phlebotomist, who is a nurse who has been specially trained to draw blood, who comes to his office the day of your surgery and draws four small test tubes of your blood. If you ever have had your blood drawn, then you know approximately how painful it will be.
Would I be a Good Candidate for Bone Grafting with PRP?
Patients with clotting disorders, on Coumadin or who have blood borne disorders are not candidates for Stem Cell Tissue Engineering. However, because the healing occurs faster than usual with Hemo-Cellular Engineering, there is less chance of infection, dry socket, failed implants or failed grafting. These procedures are especially helpful to those who otherwise might have impaired healing such as diabetics, smokers, and others with chronic or acute conditions which can interfere with healing.
Does Dental Insurance Pay for Procedures Using PRP?
Every dental insurance plan is different. Some pay for “Biologic Materials” to be added to bone grafts and others do not. You can call our office at 310-822-0202, give one of our team members your dental insurance information and we can call your insurance company on your behalf and find out if Hemo-Cellular Engineering is a covered benefit of your specific dental plan.
Does Dr. Tamura Offer Financing for Bone Grafting Using PRP?
Yes, we offer financing for all of your dental needs. Call our office today at 310-822-0202 and find out the details.
To watch a video on PRP use in Bone Grafting click HERE.